Richard Witts is professor of music at Edge Hill University, and consultant to the modern music ensemble Icebreaker. He is the author of three books (Nico, Virgin Books, 1993; Artist Unknown, Little Brown, 1999; The Velvet Underground - a study, Equinox, 2008), chapters and articles (latest: Manpool, the musical in Popular Music History, vol. 10 no.1, 2015). His lyrics for the post-punk group The Passage was published by the poetry publisher Eyewear and separately, Virgin re-issued Nico, in 2017. Richard has been a television and radio presenter for Granada and the BBC, including contributions to The Essay on Radio 3. He is working on a history of BBC music policy.